Marsoft Inc. is the world's largest independent advisory group focusing solely on the maritime industry.


Our primary focus is on providing expert, objective, and timely support for senior management in making investment, financing, and chartering decisions.


Our services are based upon quantitative analysis of market developments and sophisticated analysis of risk and financial performance.

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Market Data: 20Q3 released August 2020       

Flagship: V1.8.2 released August 2020

Next release: November 2020

Marsoft Updates

Nov 05, 2020


Arlie Sterling and Julia Zhan participated at the CMA October virtual conference and contributed to the panel discussions on Poseidon Principles and Gearing up for Decarbonisation. Arlie also gave a presentation ‘The State of the Industry’ which can be accessed here


Marsoft would be happy to answer any enquiries on this.

Oct 22, 2020

Tanker rates drop sharply in 20Q3 as fundamentals turn negative

Amid excessive global oil production and a surge in floating storage demand, tanker rates during 20Q2 were shielded from the collapse in oil trade caused by the pandemic, and instead rose to historic highs. Since then, as we expected, things have taken a U-turn and earnings on most benchmark routes have collapsed towards or below OPEX levels for much of 20Q3.

Because of OPEC+ production cuts and impressive discipline by the members of the group, the oil glut of April/May, which resulted in an astounding build-up of inventories on land and at sea, is now being reversed. According to the latest estimates, oil production is less than oil demand since June and the oil market is in a deficit. Production cuts have not only put the brakes on surging oil surplus and floating storage, but they have also hit tanker trade demand, and this combination took a toll on tanker rates in 20Q3.    

After averaging over $90,000 per day in 20Q2, VLCC rates averaged $27,000 per day in July, before declining to less than $10,000 per day by late September. Similarly, Suezmax and Aframax rates also continued to decline over 20Q3.

This paragraph is an excerpt from our Tanker eBrief released on 5 October. Our reports provide a detailed analysis of shipping fundamentals, which help you navigate in the current unprecedented market. To learn more, contact us.

Oct 15, 2020


After falling to very low levels in the first five months of 2020, dry bulk spot rates rebounded in June and remained relatively firm through the third quarter.


Average Cape earnings have risen from just $5,300 per day over the January-May period to $20,000 per day over the past four months, rising towards $30,000 per day in late September. Similarly, Panamax spot rates rose from $6,900 per day in the first five months of 2020 to $12,000 per day over the past four months. Rates peaked at $15,000 per day in August but have since fallen back to $11,000 per day. Unlike Capes, Panamax rates did not see a late September surge.


Rates for geared ships followed a slightly different pattern. While they also increased over the past four months, they have remained firm during September, hovering near their highest levels of the year. After averaging $5,900 per day from January through May, Supramax rates have since averaged $9,000 per day, and they held above $10,000 per day from late August through September. Likewise, Handysize rates moved up from $3,900 per day in the first five months of the year to $6,300 per day over the past four months, and they have averaged near $8,000 per day in September.


The rebound in rates over the past few months has been driven by a recovery in Chinese import demand,

which to a large extent has been met with increasing Brazilian supplies. After growing by just 1% yoy in the first five months of 2020, when the country’s economy was negatively impacted by the Covid-19 outbreak, Chinese steel production posted strong gains from June through August, growing by 7%.


Likewise, Chinese iron ore imports have risen sharply in recent months. After averaging 89 million tonnes per month from January through May, these imports jumped to an average of 105 million tonnes per month from June to August.


But this is not the whole iron ore story, as dry bulk tonne-mile demand was also boosted by a rebound in Brazilian iron ore supplies. After disruptions due to heavy rainfall and Covid-19 outbreaks reduced Brazilian exports to an average of 23 million tonnes per month in the first five months of 2020, these shipments rebounded to 32 million tonnes per month from June through August, though they remained down slightly compared to the year-earlier level. Initial estimates for

September show Brazilian exports surging to a 5-year high of nearly 38 million tonnes! More importantly, long-haul iron ore shipments from Brazil to China rose from an average of 15 million tonnes per month from January to May to an average of 24 million tonnes per month since then.


Meanwhile, Chinese grain imports have also been extremely strong over the past six months, after a slow start in 20Q1. We estimate that these imports soared to a record-high annual pace of 171 million tonnes in 20Q2, nearly double the 20Q1 pace and 34% higher than a year ago. And long-haul Brazilian supplies made up the lion’s share of Chinese imports, accounting for nearly 70% of the total. Preliminary estimates for 20Q3 show Chinese grain imports remaining very high, running 27% above the year-earlier level. Although imports from South America fell back from their record-high Q2 level, imports from the US rose to a 3-year high.


Outside of China, however, import demand remained weak in the middle months of 2020, as Covid-19 maintained its stranglehold on the world economy. In particular, steel output remained extremely weak in Europe and Japan. After falling by 27% yoy in 20Q2, European steel output was still down by 20% yoy in July and August. Similarly, Japanese output was down by 24% in the past two months, following a 31% decline in 20Q2.


In the rest of Asia, excluding China and Japan, there were more hopeful signs in 20Q3, as steel production fell by an estimated 6% yoy, following a 23% drop in 20Q2. By August, production in both India and South Korea had nearly returned to the year-earlier level, while Vietnamese output was up significantly.


These developments contributed to a sharper-than usual 8% seasonal increase in global dry bulk trade demand between 20Q1 and 20Q3, as trade recovered from the low level seen in the first quarter of 2020. However, in 20Q3 trade was up only 1% compared to the year-earlier level. We estimate that Chinese imports were up 9% yoy in 20Q3, while the rest of the world’s imports were down 4%.


Contact us for access to Marsoft’s eBriefs and detail on our dry bulk and tanker market outlook, shipyard utilization and newbuild prices, and forecasts.

Oct 08, 2020

SHIPPINGInsight: Fleet Optimization & Innovation Conference October 12th – 14th October

Monday, 12th October 9.15 EST

Arlie Sterling will be one of the opening speakers and will update participants on The State of the Industry on 12th October at 9.15 EST.


To access details of the conference and to hear Arlie Sterling’s presentation Link here.  For further information please contact one of our offices.

Oct 05, 2020

Marine Money Greece 2020 on 6th October, 15.00 CET


Hauke Kite-Powell, Senior Analyst for Liquid Gas Shipping at Marsoft, gave a presentation and moderated the panel


You can visit the session here Link


If you are interested in more information on Marsoft’s analysis of the Liquid Gas Markets please contact one of our offices at

Oct 06, 2020

Marsoft’s commitment to support clients’ decarbonisation efforts

Marsoft’s commitment to support clients’ decarbonisation strategies is well documented and over the next two weeks, Marsoft will be represented at three key conferences this month addressing this issue.


October 7th – 14th  GLOBAL MARITIME FORUM


Arlie Sterling, President of Marsoft is excited to be participating at the Global Maritime Virtual Conference this week.  He is looking forward to today’s discussion that announces the Sea Cargo Charter:  this is likely to set a new benchmark for responsible shipping, transparent climate reporting and improved decision-making in line with agreed climate targets.

Marsoft endorses this important development which aligns well with the work we are doing to support our clients’ decarbonization strategies.

Oct 05, 2020

The Likely Impact of Covid-19 on the Shipping Industry


According to a recent report by Lloyd’s List, while Covid-19-related travel restrictions are directly responsible for the decline in shipping so far this year, the decrease is not as bad as what many expected and even points to optimistic signs of a 2021 recovery.


Lloyd’s expects global seaborne trade to equal 11.1 billion tonnes in 2020, a decrease of 3% compared to the year previous, and for the 2020-2024 period it expects annual seaborne trade to average up 2.4% per year. It also projects that by the end of 2021, total GDP will equal that seen at the end of 2019.  


The article states that while all shipping sectors will see lower annual volumes in 2020, containerships and general cargo ships will record the largest year-on-year percentage drops (both down by around 3.8% from 2019). In tonnage terms, the liquid bulk market is expected to see the largest drop due to weak crude oil demand.


However, Lloyd’s cites China’s strong imports of raw materials as the reason trade has not fallen as far as anticipated, since the country’s activity rapidly returned to pre-covid levels by June this year.


While intermittent resurging outbreaks are projected to occur across all economies (we’re currently seeing growing cases in countries like the UK, Spain, France, and India), the report forecasts the global “cost” of Covid-19 will equate to two years worth of global GDP growth.


For Marsoft’s view on the macro outlook and the likely impact of Covid-19 on the industry, contact us to see extracts from our recent analysis –


Sep 29, 2020

Decarbonization: How It Will Be Achieved, How It Can be Financed

Monday, 12th October 9.15 EST

Learn more about bringing the power of scale, profits and Co2 reduction to owners and financiers.

Click this link to access Arlie Sterling’s presentation from last week’s Marine Money Virtual Shipping Finance Week: Link


For further information on how Marsoft supports its clients ’s decarbonization strategies contact one of our offices.

Sep 28, 2020


September 29th and 30th


“The industry is facing unprecedented challenges as decarbonization becomes the number one priority for us all.  I am excited to be joining the conversation with such a distinguished group of industry leaders over the next two days” says Arlie Sterling, President of Marsoft.


The Blue Sky Maritime Coalition is an industry-based forum covering the entire value chain for U.S. and Canada cabotage shipping operations.

Vision/Objectives of this Forum:

  • Align around clear statements of overall ambition and objectives, to accelerate the sector’s pathway to Net-Zero by 2050

  • Share expectations from a cross-sectoral collaboration in the U.S. & Canada

  • Articulate why this coalition is meaningful to your business in a compelling enough way to commit hours and dollars

  • Crystalize vision of what success for 2021 looks. 


Arlie will be engaging within a focus group to look at the financial and commercial implications of potential decarbonisation strategies across maritime operations in the U.S. and Canada: “HOW” we get started and what should be the short-term goal by end-2021.


Marsoft has pioneered ways of how shipowners and banks can approach the challenges of meeting the IMO 2035/50 requirements.  Further related reading may be found at Arlie Sterling’s presentation to the Marine Money forum last week, “Managing the Transition from Zero Emission Fuels to the Marsoft MIT Labs Retrofit Study” – this can be provided upon request.

Aug 20, 2020


After sliding downward for much of the first half of 2020, rates in both the LNG tanker and LPG tanker markets are set to rebound in the second half of the year.  Although trade was weakened in Q2 by Covid-19 slowdowns, Chinese LNG imports rebounded, and Europe continued to increase imports.  In LPG, India's import demand has remained robust despite Covid restrictions, and rising naphtha prices are boosting LPG demand. A rising forward curve is likely to contribute to LNG tanker market recovery by encouraging short-term floating storage. 


Detailed analysis and information are available in Marsoft's 2020Q2 LNG and LPG/VLGC tanker market reports.

Aug 20, 2020

Scrubber Rate Premium

At the start of 2020, the price differential between 0.5% Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (VLSFO) and 3.5% heavy sulfur fuel oil (HSFO) was running at more than $300 per tonne, before collapsing to $70 per tonne in March and averaging just $60 per tonne in 20Q2. Going forward, the differential is expected to increase modestly to $90 per tonne during 2021, and to an average of $100 per tonne from 2022 through 2024, as oil prices recover in the coming years. This projection reflects the forward curves for HSFO and VLSFO prices, as of early August.

Presuming that spot rates are set by the ships burning VLSFO, and that owners trading spot will realize the full cost savings offered by burning HSFO vs. VLSFO after they have invested in scrubbers, the average spot rate differential for a VLCC in 20Q2 was estimated to be $2,500 per day, which is seen rising to $3,000 per day in 20H2. For a Cape bulker, we see the differential rising from $1,800 per day in 20Q2 to $2,100 per day in 20H2.

We expect the sulfur differential to increase slightly over the next two years, as indicated by the forward market, bringing the scrubber premium back up to about $4,000 per day for a VLCC and to $3,000 per day for a Cape.

Marsoft is monitoring developments in the scrubber and fuel markets closely and we have integrated the scrubber premium models into our Flagship System, which provides financial performance and risk assessment services for numerous types of specific ships.

Aug 19, 2020


It took the worst global economic crisis we have seen in over a century for the liner industry to report its most profitable performance in the span of several years in 20Q2. The steep correction in trade volumes was met by even steeper capacity withdrawals, resulting in high vessel utilization of the trading fleet and pushing liner freight rates to 5-year highs. Such unprecedented disciplinary actions helped boost liner revenues in the second quarter despite the drop in liftings, and in combination will lower OPEX (mainly due to low fuel prices) led to solid profits.

Aug 19, 2020


MARSOFT Q3 2020 RELEASE is now available for the Dry Bulk, Tanker, LNG and VLGC/LPG Markets. The LNG Regas & Liquefaction Supplement will be issued later in August and the Containership Report will be available in September.


For further information please contact one of our offices.

Jul 29, 2020


FLAGSHIP for Poseidon Reporting with Neutral Platform


Marsoft announces the immediate availability of FLAGSHIP for Poseidon Reporting.  The Poseidon Principles are a ground-breaking initiative launched by a group of ship finance banks to integrate climate considerations into their lending decisions.  The initiative requires signatories to measure the climate alignment of their portfolios by November each year.  Signatories can now rely on FLAGSHIP for Poseidon Reporting, and take advantage of the PoseidonConnector™, a common platform free to join by any party, to meet their 2020 Poseidon Principles reporting commitments.

Jul 15, 2020


Recent reports from China and the United States confirm that economic growth has rebounded.


China reported 3.2% GDP growth in Q2, up from -6.8% in Q1. The Q2 growth report exceeded the IMF’s forecast, released just last month, of 2.6% growth.


Retail sales reports in the US showed a 7.5% improvement from last month, after a (revised) 18.2% rebound in May. Retail sales are up by 5% relative to June 2019.


Unemployment claims in the United States fell in the latest weekly reports, to 1.4 million on a 4-week moving average basis. Although the trend is encouraging this is the fourth month in which claims exceed 1 million; prior to the pandemic claims were averaging about 0.2 million.


These signals are an encouraging development for global economic recovery and increased trade.  In contrast, some parts of the US economy will suffer as COVID-19-related restrictions are (re)imposed and political tensions with China are worsening. We will consolidate all this information in our upcoming market report to be released next month.

Jul 12, 2020

Marsoft eBriefs

Marsoft’s July eBrief market reports are now available.  These summaries for the dry bulk and tanker markets have got everything you need to know this month, with current market developments and implications for forecasts of rates, newbuild and secondhand prices, and more.


In our Dry Bulk market eBrief, we are talking about Cape spot rates, which have staged an impressive rally over the past two weeks. As we head into early July, they have topped $30,000 per day, approaching the peak level seen just about a year ago. The jump in rates is even more impressive given the current macro climate, with a deadly pandemic crushing demand for steel in much of the world.


But a big question is whether the recent recovery in Cape rates is likely to have any staying power. In this eBrief we talk about why we think the answer to that is ‘No.’ See why we forecast Cape rates will fall by some 30-40% in the second half of this year and again in 2021.

Jul 08, 2020

Marsoft and Klapton Insurance Company

Klapton Insurance Company recently cited Marsoft’s FLAGSHIP risk management platform as part of the expert infrastructure supporting the successful development of their new maritime residual value policy. 

Klapton recently closed a Residual Value Guarantee – more detail can be found here.

Marsoft welcomes the opportunity to demonstrate the advantages that FLAGSHIP can offer to your company.

Jun 28, 2020

Latest IMF Forecast for Global Macro Growth

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) released a revision to its previous economic outlook data, showing a further downward revision of global GDP through 2021 due to the covid-19 pandemic. The IMF’s update quotes a larger-than-expected negative impact to markets than it forecasted in April, but as shown in the chart below, we at Marsoft had already expected a similar drop and subsequent recovery weeks earlier in our published Q2 2020 reports.  

To learn more about how we help our clients mitigate risk in times of uncertainty please contact one of our offices.

Jun 21, 2020

​Monday 15th June at 10 am EST      MARINE MONEY WEEK

The Trillion Dollar Opportunity: Decarbonizing the Shipping Industry


Click here to see Marsoft’s 1st Steps towards



Arlie Sterling, President of Marsoft, was a panelist at


Click here to listen to the panel discussion of June 14th

May 19, 2020

Marsoft Special Report

Since our Q1 20 Release there have been many changes in the markets – Marsoft has therefore released a one-off Special Report for all clients reflecting this fresh perspective.

The Report summarizes Marsoft’s assessment of likely developments and risk factors across the markets.

Detailed market reports can be obtained on subscription and will be available at the end of the month.

For further information contact one of our offices.

Apr 09, 2020


In this current state of global uncertainty and mixed messages concerning markets and the economy, it is reassuring to know Marsoft’s shipping forecasts are clear and reliable.


We continuously monitor the accuracy of our scenario analysis.  The results from our performance review through 2019 have just been released.  Our performance for the VLCC market is representative.  Marsoft’s Base Case charter rate forecasts were 80% more accurate that the standard rolling-average benchmark and our one-year-ahead turning point calls were right almost 75% of the time.  Our High and Low Case scenarios have proven to provide a reliable indicator of market risk.  VLCC TC rates have fallen below our Low Case scenarios just 24% of the time over the past decade and exceeded the high case just 29% of the time.


We are here to answer questions and discuss markets with you! 


From all of us at Marsoft - stay safe.

Apr 06, 2020

Marsoft Webinar with Marine Money

Wednesday April 8th




The Marsoft Team: Arlie Sterling, Kevin Hazel and Aditya Trivedi will be discussing


The Oil and Tanker Market Outlook – Key Issues and Opportunities


If you wish to join this webinar you will need to register & click this link

Or for more information contact one of our offices

Mar 25, 2020

Asia LNG price recovery, an indicator of China's rebound?

LNG prices in Asia are on the rise after reaching record lows in February amid the COVID-19 pandemic. By the 24th of March, Wuhan – ground zero for the coronavirus outbreak – reported no new cases of the virus for five consecutive days, and LNG prices had posted week-on-week gains for several weeks straight.


While Chinese imports of LNG are expected to be down in Q1, with March taking the hardest hit (down some 23% YoY), we are now starting to see an upturn in LNG charter rates and expected loadings for April delivery in China, signaling a recovery could be on the horizon.

Mar 19, 2020

Saudi Arabia's strategy to boost production will support tanker rates in the short-term

The oil and tanker markets have experienced a rollercoaster of events since we published our
quarterly report in February. After rocking the Chinese economy in January and February, the
COVID-19 virus then spread further west, into Iran, Europe and the US, leading to sharp
downward revisions for oil demand in 2020. Furthermore, on 6th March, to everyone's
surprise, OPEC+ members failed to come to a new oil production agreement.
Since then, Saudi Arabia and Russia have publicly announced their intentions to reverse their
strategy of cutting production to support prices, and instead increase production to regain
market share. According to the latest reports, Saudi Arabia has announced the Kingdom will
increase production to more than 12 mbd, up from 9.7 mbd in February. Russia and the UAE
have also announced plans to increase output. Such an immediate reversal of production
strategy completely changes oil market dynamics and by extension, tanker market dynamics
as well.

Mar 11, 2020

February 27th 2020 Hamburg, Marine Money

Marsoft's Julia Zhan, along with Paul Taylor (Global Head of Shipping & Offshore at Societe Generale CIB), was interviewed by Lindsey Keeble (Partner and Global Head of Maritime Sector at Watson Farley & Williams) at Marine Money Hamburg on 27th February to discuss the Poseidon Principles. Download a presentation and listen to the audio here.


Marsoft has launched a range of services to align with the goals of the Poseidon Principles and to support our clients as they make decisions about their climate alignment strategy. To learn more about our services please contact one of our offices.

Feb 21, 2020

The 7th International Symposium on Shipping Operations, Management and Economics

April 2nd – 3rd 2020

The 7th International Symposium on Shipping Operations, Management and Economics (SOME 2020)

Arlie Sterling, President of Marsoft will be giving a paper at this symposium entitled:

Replace or Renew - Evaluating Renewal Options for Middle-Aged Ships


Modern commercial vessels are built to meet increasingly stringent efficiency standards and owners have aggressively adopted energy saving designs. The relatively high fuel consumption of conventional ships puts them at a competitive disadvantage and lenders may no longer consider them to be acceptable collateral.  Initiatives like the Poseidon Principles will put increasing pressure on borrowers in that regard.


At the same time there has been considerable progress in technology suitable for retrofitting conventional vessels.  This paper considers a wide range of retrofitting options and their likely performance impact is evaluated using resistance and engine performance models developed by the MIT SeaGrant Lab and based on extensive and proven tank tests. The financial performance takes the output of the vessel performance models and optimizes speed choice to maximize profitability under a wide range of market and fuel prices.


The results to be presented are relevant not only for owners considering retrofitting their fleet but also for the choice of building a new ship instead of investing in an existing fleet. 


Arlie will summarise the financial implications for a VLCC and describe the scope of the remaining research underway.


For more details of the symposium, Arlie Sterling’s presentation and Marsoft’s approach to decarbonization and the Poseidon Principles contact one of our offices.

Feb 11, 2020

Impact of Coronavirus

A brief comment from Kevin Hazel, Head of Marsoft’s Shipping Economics Team:


Marsoft’s  base case view is that the virus will have a significant impact on the Chinese economy for the next 3-4 months, before conditions return to normal in the second half of the year.

We see this having a significant negative impact on Chinese oil demand and imports in 20H1, with OPEC likely cutting production in response, so this is a clear negative for the tanker market.

On the dry bulk side, we see a modest negative impact for steel production.

Our Low Case sees a much worse coronavirus situation, lasting through all of 2020, and helping to push the global economy into recession during the second half of the year.


We will comment further on the coronavirus impact in our upcoming 20Q1 release, scheduled to come out later this month.

Jan 29, 2020

US-China trade deal has strong potential for LNGC tonne-mile boost

Hauke Kite-Powell, Head of Marsoft’s Gas Market Tanker Teams comments:

The Phase 1 trade deal between the US and China has the potential to boost LNGC tonne-mile demand.  But for now, it is only potential.  While China's import tariffs on US LNG remain in place, it is not likely that US LNG flows to China will rise significantly.  If China were to reduce or remove tariffs, and cover most of its 2020/21 uncontracted LNG demand from the US, this could increase lng tonne-mile demand by 3-4% over current trading patterns.

Oct 14, 2019

Marsoft took a group of Norwegian students to the MIT Sea Grant Design Lab

Marsoft and the MIT Sea Grant Design Lab hosted students and faculty from the Oslo Handelsgymnasium, one of the largest high schools in Oslo, Norway, on October 16th.  The students were part of an intensive program integrating training in programming with a rigorous science, technical, and mathematics curriculum.

Professor Chrys Chryssostomidis, head of the MIT Sea Grant Design Lab, observed “The visit was a wonderful way to introduce the Oslo Handelsgymnasium students to MIT – the lab experience plus discussion of research illustrated MIT’s “mind and hand” learning approach.”

Arlie Sterling, President of Marsoft Inc., commented: “The MIT/Marsoft decarbonization in shipping research program is intended to identify and take advantage of opportunities to quickly reduce carbon emissions from shipping.  The visitors had a chance to see the close links between the laboratory and the business of shipping.”

“We really appreciate the opportunity to learn more about MIT and the shipping business.  And the projects presented by Professor Chryssostimidis are a great way for our students to participate in important research relevant for the environment and business” commented Vigdis Oskarsdottir, faculty leader for the visit to MIT.

MarineTraffic provided vessel tracking videos for the program.

Oct 18, 2019

Shipping Insights - Stamford, Ct.

Arlie Sterling gave Marsoft’s views about the shipping markets of the future at the ShippingInsight conference in Stamford on 17th October.  Arlie discusses the key concerns of the current market and then the spotlight increasingly falls on decarbonization.  You can see his presentation, Shipping Markets of the Futurehere.

Oct 18, 2019

Marine Money - Athens

Hauke Kite-Powell, head of Marsoft's gas tanker markets team, gave a thought-provoking presentation at Marine Money in Athens on Tuesday.  He then went on to moderate a spirited panel discussion of leading LNG tanker owners.  They briefly discussed emissions and LNG as a bunker fuel, acknowledging the challenge of decarbonisation for the whole industry, not just for owners. You can view his presentation, "LNG Shipping and LNG Fuel: A Shifting Landscape" here.

Oct 31, 2019

Uncertainty still surrounding the impacy of Cosco ban on VLCC earnings

There is still uncertainty surrounding the impact of the COSCO ban on VLCC earnings. We are continuously updating our models to reflect current market events, and here we show expected rate sensitivity for two cases: one where the COSCO ban remains in effect, and one where the ban is lifted by Q1 next year.

How sensitive do you believe rates will be to a ban remaining in place? Get in touch with us to discuss!

By Megan Kennedy - Marsoft Analyst

Nov 06, 2019

Global Maritime Forum - Singapore

SINGAPORE - Arlie Sterling, President of Marsoft, the world’s largest independent maritime advisory service, was a participant at the recent Global Maritime Forum in Singapore.

Decarbonization was a fundamental theme of the forum and one key outcome was the endorsement by the GMF of a carbon levy for shipping. Leading owners, charterers and banks have recommended that the IMO take the necessary steps to impose a carbon levy on bunker purchase. The proceeds of the levy would be to fund R&D, de-risking first movers, and the upstream investments, necessary to provide the new fuels required to decarbonize the industry. The specific levy proposed amounted to $30/tonne of bunkers in 2020 rising to $100/tonne by 2030.

The likely impact of the industry’s decarbonization initiatives and carbon levy will emerge later in 2020; in particular whether ships more than 10 years old will depreciate more rapidly than historically observed. There was widespread discussion that the decarbonization/carbon levy initiatives could slow the pace of ordering until the net zero carbon “fuel of the future” was identified. LNG is likely to be getting a lot of interest because it is so cheap and because the cost of the incremental dual fuel capability (for large ships) has fallen so much.

We are happy to discuss all these issues with you by email, phone and twitter – just get in touch!

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